Sunday, February 20, 2011

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history of india before indipendence-

  • Sunday, February 20, 2011
  • bhushan chhaya
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  • B.C.
    2500-1500
    Indus Valley Civilisation.
    540
    Birth of Mahavir—Founder of Jainism.
    563 
    Birth of Gautam Buddha—Founder of Buddhism.
    483
    Buddha attains Nirvana.
    468
    Mahavir attains Nirvana.
    327-325
    Alexander's invasion of India.
    322
    Chandragupta Maurya's accession to the throne of Magadha.
    305
    Defeat of Seleucus at the hands of Chandragupta Maurya.
    273-232
    Ashoka's regime
    261
    Conquest of Kalinga.
    58
    Beginning of Vikram Era.
    A.D.
    78
    Beginning of Saka Era.
    120
    Accession of Kanishka.
    320
    Beginning of Gupta Dynasty.
    405
    Chinese pilgrim Fa-hien visited India.
    606-647
    Harsha Vardhan's regime.
    629
    Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang visited India.
    712
    Mohammad-bin-Qasim's invasion of Sindh.
    1001
    Mahmud Gazhni's first attack on India.
    1025
    Mahmud Gazhni destroyed Somnath Temple.
    1191
    First Battle of Tarain.
    1192
    Second Battle of Tarain.
    1206
    Foundation of first Muslim Dynasty in India by Qutub-ud-din Aibak.
    1221
    First Mongol invasion of India by Changez Khan
    1236
    Accession of Razia Sultan to the throne of Delhi.
    1398
    Taimur Lang invaded India.
    1469
    Birth of Guru Nanak—Founder of Sikhism.
    1498
    Discovery of sea-route of India by Vasco-de-Gama, Portuguese
    sailor.
    1526
    First Battle of Panipat, Ibrahim Lodi defeated by Babar, foundation of Mughal rule in India.
    1556
    Second Battle of Panipat, Hemu defeated by Akbar and latter's
    accession to the throne.
    1576
    Battle of Haldighati, Rana Pratap was defeated by Akbar.   
    1600
    Establishment of East India Company.
    1605
    Death of Akbar.
    1612
    First English factory at Surat.
    1627
    Birth of Shivaji—Founder of Maratha Power.
    1648
    Taj Mahal completed at Agra.
    1666
    Shivaji's visit to the Mughal Court at Agra, his imprisonment and dramatic escape.
    1680
    Death of Shivaji.
    1707
    Death of Aurangzeb.
    1739
    Nadir Shah of Persia invaded India.
    1757
    Battle of Plassey.
    1761
    Third Battle of Panipat.
    1764
    Battle of Buxar.
    1773
    Regulating Act.
    1774
    Birth of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.
    1784
    Pitt's India Bill.
    1793
    Permanent settlement of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
    1833
    Macaulay recommended English as the medium of instruction in India.
    1839
    Death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
    1853
    First railway line opened in India from Bombay to Thana.
    1857
    First Battle of Indian Independence.
    1858
    End of East India Company's rule; administration of India transferred to the British Crown.
    1861
    Indian Councils Act; Rabindranath Tagore born.
    1863
    Birth of Swami Vivekanand.
    1869
    Birth of Mahatma Gandhi.
    1885
    Indian National Congress founded by A.O. Hume.                
    1889
    Birth of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.
    1905
    First Partition of Bengal.
    1906
    All India Muslim League founded.
    1909
    Morely-Minto Reforms Bills passed.
    1911
    Partition of Bengal revoked; India's Capital transferred from Calcutta to Delhi.
    1919Government of India Act Passed; Jallianwala Bagh massacre at Amritsar.
    1920
    Bal Gangadhar Tilak died; Non-Co-operation Movement started
    by Mahatma Gandhi-Khilafat Movement started by Ali Brothers.
    1922
    Chauri Chaura outrage in U.P.
    1927
    Visit of Simon Commission.
    1928
    Death of Lala Lajpat Rai.
    1929
    Under the Presidentship of Pt. Nehru at Lahore session of Congress, a resolution for complete independence passed.
    1930
    Mahatma Gandhi takes up Dandi March; First Round Table Conference in London.
    1931
    Gandhi-Irwin Pact; Second Round Table Conference.
    1932
    Communal Award announced; Gandhiji declares fast unto death
    against the award.
    1935
    Government of India Act passed.
    1937
    Provincial Autonomy.
    1941
    Death of Rabindranath Tagore; escape of Subhash Chandra
    Bose from India.
    1942
    Quit India Movement.
    1943
    Bengal famine; Indian National Army formed at Singapore by Subhash Chandra Bose.
    1945
    Trial of I.N.A. at Red Fort; Shimla Conference.
    1946
    Visit of Cabinet Mission to India; Formation of Interim Government at the Centre.
    1947
    India attains independence; Partition of India & creation of Pakistan.

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